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Recent Car Accident Statistics in Texas

In 2021, one Texan was killed every 1 hour and 57 minutes, with 4,489 Texans losing their lives on our roadways.

Car accidents caused 15,764 serious injury crashes, with 19,448 people sustaining severe injuries.

These serious accidents continue to happen every day.

While no one expects to get into a collision, knowing what to do is essential when the unforeseen happens. Read on to learn more about car accidents in Texas and how a Houston car accident lawyer can help you.

Steps to Take After a Car Accident

Unexpected collisions leave most of us feeling overwhelmed. With adrenaline pumping, it is not easy to maintain composure. Remembering the following steps after a crash can help if you decide to pursue a lawsuit against the at-fault driver.

Move to Safety 

Secondary accidents are possible. If your vehicle is in a position that may be struck again by oncoming traffic, move the car to a safer place. If driving your vehicle is not possible, put your hazard lights on to warn passing drivers that your car is in the roadway and to take caution. 

Call the Police 

Texas law requires you to report a car accident to the police if it results in serious injuries, death, or property damage exceeding $1,000.

However, it is wise to call the police anyway.

A reporting police officer can assess the physical condition of involved parties and request medical assistance if needed. Additionally, they create an accident report detailing the facts surrounding your accident.

In some situations, a police officer may even decide on fault in their report. 

Seek Medication Attention 

Houston Car Accident Lawyer

Many serious injuries are evident following an accident, and reporting police will request emergency medical care.

However, some injuries are not immediately apparent and may lead you to believe you have escaped from your collision injury-free.

Many serious injuries appear in the hours, days, or even weeks following an accident, so seeking a medical evaluation is crucial regardless of how you initially feel.

For example, internal bleeding and concussions can be life-threatening but may not hinder you at the scene. 

Medical records strengthen your claim for compensation by maintaining a connection between the collision and your injury. If you wait days or weeks to obtain a diagnosis, insurance companies and the at-fault driver may argue that your injuries did not result from the accident. 

Gather Information 

As you wait for the police to arrive, speak to individuals at the scene. Get the other driver’s name, contact information, and insurance details. You should also obtain the contact details of any witnesses.

Your attorney will contact the witnesses to determine whether their testimony may help establish the driver’s liability.

Preserve Evidence 

Write notes detailing the events leading up to, during, and immediately after the collision.

A traumatic event may seem unforgettable. But important details can disappear from memory in the days and weeks following an accident.

Writing these observations down shortly after your collision can refresh your memory. 

If you are physically able, take photographs of the accident scene, including:

  • The vehicle’s position immediately after the accident; 
  • Damage to the vehicles involved;
  • Road conditions, and 
  • Your injuries.

Video footage can be helpful if you suspect the other driver was intoxicated or to record inclement weather at the time of your accident. Any evidence that helps maintain an accurate picture of the scene at the time of the accident is useful for your attorney. 

Call an Attorney 

Speak to a personal injury attorney as soon as possible. Insurance adjusters may be eager to speak with you and push you into an unfair settlement.

A car accident attorney in Houston can take over these communications and negotiate on your behalf so that you can focus on recovering. 

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What can a car accident lawyer do for you?

If you’ve been involved in a car accident in Houston, Texas, you may find yourself facing a number of challenges. From dealing with insurance companies to managing medical bills and lost wages, the aftermath of a car accident can be overwhelming. That’s where a car accident lawyer can help.

Case Evaluation

One of the first things a car accident attorney can do for you is provide a thorough evaluation of your case. We will listen to your side of the story, review police reports and medical records, and assess the strength of your claim. This evaluation will help you understand your legal rights and options moving forward.

Legal Advice

Once your case has been evaluated, your lawyer can provide you with valuable legal advice. We will explain the laws that apply to your situation, advise you on the best course of action, and help you understand the potential outcomes of your case. To summarize, your lawyer will make sure you are informed, educated, up-to-date, and empowered with resources and passionate advocacy.


If you want to work with the best Houston car accident lawyer, then you want a savvy, brilliant negotiator, like the team at Armstrong Lee & Baker LLP. We can demand top dollar for your injuries, avoiding common lowball offers from the insurance company. Negotiation skills are also helpful in swaying a jury or even just winning an objection with the judge in court.


Litigation is an artform, and not all attorneys in Houston are eloquent, quick-witted, and savvy enough for the rigors of the courtroom. Our fierce and educated auto accident legal team will build an ironclad courtroom strategy, gather evidence, and fight for your rights. With a skilled litigator on your side, you can relax.

Providing Peace of Mind

Navigating the legal system can be daunting, especially when you’re dealing with the physical and emotional aftermath of a car accident. A car accident lawyer can provide you with peace of mind by handling all aspects of your case. They will take care of the legal details, allowing you to focus on your recovery.

Gathering Evidence

Everything comes down to evidence—what can we prove and what can the other side prove? A Texas car accident lawyer has the resources and experience to root out this evidence, whether it is an accident report, a witness statement, and expert testimony. We will fortify your case with the strongest possible proof presented in the best possible light.

Guide You Through Mediation

Mediation is a type of alternative dispute resolution that involves working with an objective third-party mediator. If you decide to mediate your case, you’ll want to have an attorney advise you in advance of pitfalls to avoid. When insurance companies see an accident victim without a lawyer at their side, they often have the advantage. Some mediators will allow you to have a lawyer by your side during the sessions—we can handle this aspect for you as well.

Provide Resources

The aftermath of a catastrophic auto accident involves more than just insurance settlements. It’s helpful to have a resource who knows car collisions from A to Z to make getting information streamline, from care providers to transportation options. At Armstrong Lee & Baker LLP, we strive to assist our clients in any way we can, and resources are a big part of our top-notch client experience. 

Timely Drafting & Filing of Legal Paperwork

Navigating the legal system involves a significant amount of paperwork, unfortunately. Your car accident lawyer will handle the drafting and filing of all necessary legal documents, ensuring that everything is accurate, complete, and submitted within the required timeframe. This attention to detail is absolutely not negotiable towards getting you to the settlement you deserve.

Communicate with Insurance Companies on Your Behalf

Dealing with insurance companies can be complicated and time-consuming. A car accident lawyer can handle all communications with insurance companies on your behalf. This includes submitting claims, negotiating settlements, and addressing any disputes that may arise. Having a Houston lawyer by your side can help ensure that your rights are protected throughout the process.

When Do Accident Victims Need Houston Car Accident Lawyers?

The sooner you lawyer up after a car crash, the better. In fact, we even recommend not speaking to the insurance company without our guidance first. They will no doubt try to twist your statements and use them against you later. Additionally, if you are unsure about your legal rights and options, just email or call us for a quick answer. Our know-how and guidance can make a significant difference in the outcome of your case.

Cases Our Houston Car Accident Lawyers Handle:

How Is Fault Determined? 

Texas operates as an at-fault state for car accidents. At-fault states require injured victims to file claims with the negligent party’s insurance company. Determining fault in Texas car accidents requires proving the following elements of negligence: 

  • Duty. The driver had a duty of care to operate their vehicle safely. 
  • Breach. The driver failed to operate their vehicle safely, breaching this duty. 
  • Causation. The driver’s breach caused an accident.
  • Damages. The injured victim suffered injuries and losses due to the driver’s breach. 

Even when you may be partially at fault for causing the accident, do not assume you will be unable to recover compensation.

Texas’s comparative negligence standard allows a victim to recover damages for an accident as long as their percentage of responsibility does not equate to or exceed 51%.

How Much Is the Average Car Accident Settlement in Houston? 

There is no such thing as an average car accident settlement. How much you can expect in a settlement depends on various factors, including: 

  • A determination of fault. The larger the percentage of fault attributable to the other party, the larger your settlement will be.  
  • The severity of your injuries. Those suffering severe injuries requiring long-term rehabilitation or physical therapy get larger settlements. 
  • Insurance coverage limitations. Low insurance coverage limits negatively impact your potential settlement payout. For example, if an insurance policy only covers $30,000 for injuries, but your medical expenses exceed $50,000, you might not receive the total value of your losses. When this happens, you and your car accident lawyer may discuss other avenues for compensation. 
  • The strength of available evidence. More evidence supporting your claim helps you obtain the full value of your demand. Evidence includes police reports, witness statements, photographs, medical records, and pay stubs.
  • Your ability to return to work. The longer your injury keeps you from working, the greater your settlement value. In some situations, an injury may permanently prevent a victim from ever working again. These cases get larger settlements due to a victim’s lost wages and potential loss of future earnings. 

The degree to which these factors affect your case could result in more or less compensation than you could have anticipated.

A Houston car accident lawyer works to maximize impact to get you the financial support you deserve. 

Fill out the free and confidential form below and one of our accident lawyers will contact you to go over the next steps.

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What Is a Texas Car Accident Report? 

A Texas car accident report is usually around two pages long and contains the following information about your crash: 

  • Time, date, and crash location;
  • Name and contact information for all drivers involved; 
  • Name and contact information for any other parties involved; 
  • Vehicle make and model and VINs;
  • If there were any charges filed against a driver for any traffic violations; 
  • Whether there were any injuries or deaths, or if medical emergency services transported a victim; 
  • A narrative describing the events;
  • Diagram visualizing the events of the accident, and 
  • The potential liability of any driver involved. 

Accident reports provide unbiased third-party facts regarding a collision and can sometimes assist in determining fault. Our Houston car accident attorneys can help you get a copy of your report from the agency that reported to the scene of your accident. 

Talk to an Attorney With a History of Success With Car Accidents 

Retaining a car accident lawyer in Houston should not add stress to your situation.

As you focus on your recovery, your attorney begins analyzing the facts of your case to strengthen your legal claim and ensure you receive the compensation you deserve. There are various ways that an attorney can help you include the following: 

  • Gathering crucial evidence to determine fault in the accident;
  • Identifying all liable parties;
  • Communicating with insurance adjusters and opposing counsel; 
  • Preserving all proof of your damages;
  • Calculating your future medical expenses and other losses; 
  • Leading negotiations and settlement discussions with insurance companies and other attorneys, 
  • Drafting necessary legal documents, and
  • Litigating your case at trial if settlement negotiations fail. 

At a minimum, managing these aspects of a personal injury case without a lawyer while recovering from injuries is incredibly challenging. You should never have to settle for less than what your case is worth.

Unfortunately, insurance companies are not out to pay the total value of your losses, and you may fall victim to their aggressive pushes forcing you to accept an insufficient settlement.

A car accident lawyer in Houston TX, helps you get the compensation you need to move forward. 

What Are The Most Common Types Of Car Accidents In Houston?

Car accidents in Houston caused 328 fatalities and 1,599 severe injuries in 2021. Horrible wrecks take many forms, but the following are among the most common.

T-Bone Accidents

T-bone accidents involve the front of one vehicle colliding with the side of another. These often happen at intersections and can result in severe injuries due to the lack of protection on the side of the impacted vehicle. Factors like running red lights or failing to yield right-of-way contribute to these accidents.

Sideswipe Accidents

Sideswipe accidents occur when the sides of two vehicles collide while traveling parallel to each other. These accidents often happen due to improper lane changes, distracted driving, or failure to check blind spots. Although they may result in minor damage, they can lead to more significant accidents if drivers lose control of their vehicles.

Head-On Crashes

While less frequent, head-on collisions are among the most severe types of car accidents in Houston. These occur when the front ends of two vehicles crash into each other, often at high speeds. Head-on collisions can lead to catastrophic injuries or fatalities due to the force of impact.

Armstrong Lee & Baker LLP attorneys have extensive experience helping victims of car accidents in Houston. If you’ve been injured in a collision that wasn’t your fault, we’re here to stand up for your rights and fight on your behalf.

What Are The Most Common Causes Of Houston Auto Accidents?

There are many common causes of Houston auto accidents. These are just a few. 

Distracted Driving

There were 484 fatalities in distracted driving accidents in 2022, an increase of 11% over the previous year. When drivers text or talk on their phones, adjust the radio, or daydream, they don’t focus on the road. This behavior leads to delayed reactions and an increased risk of collisions.


Another of the leading causes of Houston auto accidents is speeding. When drivers drive too fast or fail to adjust their speed to road conditions, they compromise their ability to control their vehicles and react to hazards effectively. Speeding increases the severity of accidents and reduces the time available to avoid collisions.

Impaired Driving

Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is a significant contributor to auto accidents in Houston. Impaired drivers experience reduced coordination, impaired judgment, and slowed reaction times, making them more likely to cause accidents. Drunk driving accidents often result in severe injuries and fatalities, impacting not only the impaired driver but also innocent victims.

Reckless Driving

Tailgating, changing lanes without signaling, and running red lights are common examples of reckless driving that can lead to collisions. Drivers who engage in such risky maneuvers not only put themselves in danger but also endanger the lives of others.

Overdriving Bad Weather Conditions

Houston’s unpredictable weather, including heavy rain, turbulent wind, hail, and fog, can make driving conditions hazardous. Limited visibility, dangerous conditions, and slippery roads increase the likelihood of accidents if motorists do not adjust their driving accordingly.


Long hours behind the wheel, lack of sleep, and shift work can all contribute to driver fatigue—all of which are very common in Houston. Fatigued drivers have slower reaction times and impaired judgment, making them more prone to causing accidents. Driver fatigue is a huge factor in far too many truck accidents.

Failure to Obey Traffic Laws

Running stop signs, ignoring traffic lights, and failing to yield are common traffic violations in Houston that can result in serious accidents. Aggressive driving and adhering to traffic laws saves lives!

At Armstrong Lee & Baker LLP, our attorneys are very familiar with the common causes of Houston auto accidents. We have the expertise to thoroughly investigate the cause of an accident and determine liability.

How Do I Choose The Right Houston Car Accident Attorney?

When choosing the right Houston car accident lawyer, it’s crucial to keep several factors in mind to ensure you have the best representation for your case. Here are just a few.


You want a lawyer with previous experience and proven success in similar cases. An experienced attorney can handle the complexities of your case and give you the best chance of obtaining the compensation you deserve.


Also, consider the reputation and credibility of the lawyer and their law firm. Look for client testimonials, reviews, and referrals from trusted sources to gauge the lawyer’s reputation and past clients’ satisfaction levels. A reputable lawyer will have a strong reputation for professionalism, integrity, and dedication to their clients’ best interests.


Communication is also essential when choosing the right car accident lawyer in Houston. A lawyer who takes the time to listen to your concerns, answer your questions, and provide regular updates on your case will help alleviate stress and uncertainty during this challenging time.

A car accident lawyer of Armstrong Lee & Baker LLP will check these and many other boxes.

Get a Free Consultation Today!

Ready to get started on your case? Reach out to our firm today to go over the details of your case.

How Long Does An Insurance Company Have To Resolve A Claim?

You expect the at-fault driver’s insurer to handle your claim in the fastest, most efficient manner possible. Texas has stringent guidelines regarding how long an insurance company has to resolve a claim.

In most cases, the timeline works like this:

  • The insurer must acknowledge they’ve received the claim within 15 days. They must also ask for any reasonable information related to the claim.
  • The company must either approve your claim or deny it in writing within 15 days after receiving that information. However, state law does allow insurers to extend that deadline by up to 45 days – as long as the company notifies you it needs more time and provides the reason why.
  • Once the insurer approves the claim, they pay it within 5 business days.

Delay Tactics

Unfortunately, even though there are deadlines regarding how long the insurance company has to resolve a claim, insurers are notorious for resorting to delay tactics. They’ll often contest fault, arguing their client wasn’t to blame for the accident.

However, a skilled Armstrong Lee & Baker LLP attorney can defeat this and other insurance company tactics. We’re familiar with how insurers work and ready to use that knowledge to your benefit.

What Is The Average Settlement For A Houston, Texas Car Accident?

Determining the average settlement for a Houston, Texas car accident can be complex. It depends on various factors, such as the severity of injuries, extent of property damage, and liability issues. Settlement amounts can vary widely from case to case, and there’s no one-size-fits-all answer. 

Injury Severity

In general, the more severe your injuries and damages, the higher the average settlement for a Houston, Texas car accident will be. This includes compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other related losses. In addition, if an investigation shows the other party is at fault for the accident, you may be entitled to a larger settlement to cover your losses.

Insurance Company Calculations

Insurance companies often use various methods to calculate settlement amounts, including medical expenses, lost income, and the severity of injuries. They may also consider factors such as the strength of evidence, witness statements, and expert opinions in determining a fair settlement offer.

It’s essential to consult with a qualified Armstrong Lee & Baker LLP attorney with experience in personal injury law to assess the value of your claim accurately and negotiate with the insurance company on your behalf. An experienced attorney can help you gather evidence, document your damages, and build a solid case to maximize your potential settlement.

What Should I Do After A Car Accident?

After a car accident, you should take several important steps to protect yourself and your legal rights. First, you must seek medical attention for any injuries you sustained, even if they seem minor. Some injuries may not immediately show symptoms. If you don’t get to see a doctor, your injury could get much worse.

Notify the Insurer

Next, notify your insurance company of the accident as soon as possible. Provide them with all relevant information, including the details of the accident and any injuries or property damage. Be honest and accurate when communicating with the insurance company to avoid any potential issues with your claim.

Keep All Receipts

It’s also essential to keep receipts of all expenses related to the accident. These include doctor’s visits, treatment, costs to fix your car, and many others. This information will be important when seeking compensation for your damages from the at-fault party or their insurance company.

Speak With a Houston Car Accident Attorney

One of the most important things to do after a car accident is to speak with a qualified attorney. An experienced lawyer with Armstrong Lee & Baker LLP can help you understand your rights, navigate the claims process, and advocate to ensure you receive fair compensation for your injuries and losses.

How long can it take a lawyer to settle a car accident case? 

After a life-altering car accident, many individuals ask, “How long can it take my lawyer to settle my car accident case?” There’s no way to predict this exactly, but understanding the factors that influence the timeline can provide valuable insights. In this section, we will discuss the various elements that affect the length of time it takes to settle a car accident case and why hiring an tried-and-true Houston car accident lawyer can expedite the process. Let’s start by looking at a sample timeline with general timing estimates:

Post-Accident Timeline

  • Gather Evidence and Submit Claim: Your accident attorney will gather all the supporting evidence possible, such as police reports, witness statements, medical records, and photographs or videos of the accident scene. This process can take several weeks, depending on the availability and accessibility of the evidence.
  • Insurance Negotiations: Once your claim is submitted to the insurance company, negotiations begin. The length of this process can vary, as insurance companies assess the evidence presented and may engage in back-and-forth discussions to reach a settlement.
  • Settlement Reached or Not Reached: After negotiations, a settlement will hopefully be reached between the parties involved. However, if not, further investigation or legal action may be necessary, extending the timeline.
  • Payment Received: Once a settlement is reached, the insurance company issues a check that is typically deposited into an escrow account held by your Houston attorney. This ensures that the funds remain secure until the distribution process begins.
  • Check Clears and Gets Distributed: After the check is deposited, there can sometimes be a bank hold on it lasting a few days or up to a few weeks. Once the funds clear, we will distribute the funds according to the agreed-upon settlement terms (taking our fee, paying outstanding medical bills, paying you, etc).

Factors Affecting Car Accident Lawsuit Settlements Timing

Several factors can influence the time it takes to settle an auto collision case in Houston. Understanding these factors can help manage expectations. Here they are in more detail:

  • Disputed Liability: In some accidents, who is at fault is very cut-and-dried. Sometimes it’s not so easy. If liability is disputed or unclear, expect reaching a settlement to take longer to reach. Investigating the accident, gathering evidence, and proving liability can be a time-consuming process. 
  • Insurance Company Deadlines: Insurance companies have specific deadlines for responding to claims and making settlement offers. Your attorney must adhere to these timelines to avoid unnecessary delays. This is another reason why it’s well worth it to have a lawyer handling the paperwork for you instead of doing it yourself.
  • Lowball Settlement Offers: Insurance companies may present initial settlement offers that are substandard and less than what you deserve—they just want to see if you’ll bite. This is just part of the process. Remember reaching a fair resolution is a back-and-forth process. If the insurance company refuses to make a reasonable offer, filing a lawsuit may be necessary, and that further extends your timeline.
  • Severity and Type of Injuries: The seriousness of your injuries from the car accident can significantly impact the settlement timeline. You’ll need to wait until you have reached maximum medical improvement (MMI) or completed all necessary medical treatments before settling. This ensures that all medical expenses, long-term care costs, and potential future damages are accurately accounted for in your claim.
  • Overall Complexity: Factors such as multiple parties involved, disputed liability, manufacturer’s defects, or the need for expert witnesses can prolong the settlement process. Having an experienced car accident lawyer can definitely expedite these hurdles.

It’s frustrating not to know whether your case will settle smoothly and efficiently or whether it will drag out and run into stalls. Statistics can provide a general overview, and individual cases can deviate from these numbers, but here are some average timeline statistics for settling car accident cases:

While timing the settlement process can be a lot of guesswork, there are strategies for expediting the process:

  • Hire a Car Accident Attorney: Working with an established car accident lawyer in Houston can make a significant difference in how quickly things get done. Don’t buy it when the insurance company tells you lawyers complicate things. Yes, maybe for them, we do, but not for accident victims. Again, insurance companies just take you more seriously when you have a lawyer who knows exactly what’s going on and what to expect.
  • Maintain Open Communication: Clear, timely communication between all involved parties helps keep things moving forward. Plus, good communication helps clients manage expectations and ensure they are actively involved in the process.
  • Following Up with Medical Treatment: Diligently following through with treatments, therapies, medications, and procedures can help speed up the settlement process. This demonstrates to the insurance company that you took your injuries seriously and are committed to recovery.

Remember, the journey to a fair settlement may be a lengthy one, but with the right legal representation and a clear understanding of the process, you can navigate through it with ease.

Typical Injuries from a Car Accident    

Car accidents can result in a wide range of injuries. As Houston car accident attorneys, here are the most some common injuries we see from car accidents:

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs)

This type of injury occurs when the head experiences a sudden impact or jolt, causing damage to the brain. 


  • Headaches: One of the most common symptoms of a mild traumatic brain injury is persistent headaches that may worsen over time.
  • Dizziness: Feeling lightheaded, unsteady, or experiencing a spinning sensation can be indicative of a brain injury.
  • Memory Problems: Difficulty in remembering things, concentrating, or feeling mentally foggy are signs of a brain injury.
  • Nausea or Vomiting: Feeling sick to your stomach or vomiting after a car accident may indicate a brain injury.
  • Sensory Changes: Changes in vision, hearing, or sense of taste/smell can occur from a traumatic brain injury.


  • Rest and Monitoring: In cases of mild TBI, rest and monitoring symptoms closely are recommended.
  • Medications: Depending on the severity of the injury, medications might be prescribed to manage pain, reduce inflammation, or control seizures.
  • Rehabilitation Therapy: Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy may be necessary for more severe brain injuries.
  • Cognitive Rehabilitation: Specialized programs can help individuals with cognitive difficulties regain skills and improve their cognitive function.
  • Counseling and Support: Emotional and psychological support through counseling can help individuals cope with the challenges of the recovery process.

Long-Term Health Effects and Potential Complications:

  • Cognitive Impairment: Memory loss, difficulty with concentration and attention, and reduced problem-solving abilities are common.
  • Emotional and Behavioral Changes: Mood swings, irritability, anxiety, depression, and changes in personality can be secondary to a brain injury.
  • Increased Risk of Neurodegenerative Diseases: Research suggests that individuals with TBI have a higher risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
  • Chronic Pain: Headaches, neck pain, and chronic pain can persist long after the injury.
  • Increased Risk of Future Injuries: Individuals who already have a history of TBI are more susceptible to future head injury complications.

Internal Injuries

While external injuries such as cuts, bruises, and broken bones are easier to detect, internal injuries can be just as serious…even life-threatening. 


Definitely be on the look out for signs of internal injuries after a car accident since they are harder to detect:

  • Abdominal pain or tenderness
  • Blood in urine or stool
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Swelling or bruising of the abdomen or chest
  • Difficulty breathing, shortness of breath


Some common treatments for internal injuries sustained in a car accident include:

  • Imaging tests like X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs to assess the extent of the injury
  • Medications to manage pain, reduce inflammation, or prevent infection
  • Surgery to repair damaged organs or stop internal bleeding
  • Bed rest also allows the body time to heal naturally

Long-Term Health Effects and Potential Complications

Some internal injury complications include:

  • Organ damage: Vital organs such as the liver, kidneys, or spleen can fail or lose full functionality.
  • Internal bleeding: If left untreated, internal bleeding can lead to hemorrhagic shock or even death.
  • Infection: Internal injuries may increase the risk of infection in the affected areas, requiring prompt medical attention and treatment with antibiotics.
  • Scarring and adhesions: Internal scarring and adhesions lead to chronic pain and limited mobility.

Paralysis and Spinal Cord Injuries

Sadly, among the most common and life-altering injuries we see as Houston car accident lawyers are paralysis and spinal cord injuries


Paralysis and spinal cord injuries can manifest as:

  • Loss of sensation or feeling in the extremities
  • Weakness or paralysis in the limbs
  • Difficulty breathing or bladder/bowel control problems
  • Chronic pain and muscle spasms
  • Loss of sexual function and fertility


The road to recovery is generally long and arduous after a spinal cord injury. Treatment options include:

  • Surgical intervention to stabilize the spine and address any physical damage
  • Rehabilitation therapy, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy
  • Assistive devices and mobility aids to enhance independence, such as wheelchairs or braces
  • Pain management techniques to alleviate chronic pain and muscle spasms

Long-Term Health Effects and Potential Complications

Some of the grave consequences of a spinal cord injury include:

  • Increased risk of respiratory and urinary tract infections
  • Pressure ulcers, bedsores
  • Bowel and bladder dysfunction
  • Muscle atrophy and loss of muscle tone
  • Depression, anxiety, and suicide ideation


Whiplash occurs when the head is suddenly jerked forward and then backward, causing damage to the neck and upper spine. It may seem like a minor injury, but whiplash can have long-term consequences even with proper treatment.


Whiplash can present a variety of symptoms which include:

  • Neck pain and stiffness
  • Headaches that generally start at the base of the skull
  • Pain and tenderness in the shoulders and upper back
  • Difficulty and pain with neck movement, limited range of motion
  • Fatigue or difficulty sleeping
  • Dizziness or blurred vision
  • Tingling or numbness in the arms or hands


Common treatments for whiplash include:

  • Rest and immobilization: Resting the neck and avoiding activities that exacerbate the pain can help. Wearing a cervical collar is generally required to immobilize and support the neck.
  • Physical therapy: A physical therapist can develop a personalized exercise and stretching program to strengthen the neck muscles and improve range of motion. Massage and heat therapy can also alleviate pain and stiffness.
  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, help manage pain and reduce inflammation. In some cases, prescription medications is required.
  • Alternative therapies: Chiropractic adjustments, acupuncture, and massage therapy are popular whiplash treatments. Ask your doctor about these options.

Long-Term Health Effects and Potential Complications

Whiplash is not a minor injury—it can lead to life long problems. Some of these include:

  • Chronic pain: Whiplash can lead to ongoing neck pain and stiffness that affects daily activities and quality of life. For example, whiplash can cause nausea-inducing headaches or the need for special pillows and work devices (standing desk, elevated laptop stand, etc).
  • Reduced range of motion: This can make performing simple tasks and activities, especially driving, problematic.
  • Secondary injuries: Whiplash can lead to herniated discs, vertigo, or nerve damage, even if the initial injury is properly managed.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

In addition to physical injuries, Houston car accident survivors can also experience psychological trauma. The most common psychological condition that arises after a car accident is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).


  • Flashbacks or vivid memories of the crash
  • Panic attacks or frequent feelings of anxiety 
  • Nightmares or insomnia 
  • Avoidance of places or activities that remind the person of the accident 
  • Hypervigilance or heightened startle response 
  • Irritability or anger 
  • Difficulty concentrating or remembering 
  • Feelings of guilt or self-blame 
  • Loss of interest in hobbies, friends


  • Psychotherapy: Talking to a mental health professional can help people process their traumatic experiences, cope, and manage symptoms. 
  • Medication: Sometimes medication can alleviate symptoms of PTSD, such as antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications. 
  • Support groups: Joining a support group can provide a sense of understanding and validation. Unfortunately, support groups aren’t always available.
  • Self-care: Engaging in activities that promote relaxation and stress reduction, like exercise, mindfulness, and hobbies, are beneficial.

Long-Term Health Effects and Potential Complications 

  • Impact on daily functioning: PTSD can significantly disrupt an individual’s ability to carry out daily activities like work, school, and relationships. 
  • Co-occurring mental health conditions: PTSD is often associated with other mental health conditions, such as depression and anxiety disorders. 
  • Increased risk of physical health problems: The chronic stress associated with PTSD can contribute to the development or exacerbation of cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal issues, and chronic inflammation and pain. 
  • Relationship difficulties: PTSD can strain relationships, as the individual can find it difficult to form emotional connections, is easily agitated, or withdrawn. 
  • Decreased quality of life: A decreased quality of life goes without saying when suffering from PTSD.

Vision Loss 

Airbags and windshields, among other things, can cause severe damage to the eyes, resulting in partial or complete loss of vision. 


As auto accident lawyers in a major city like Houston, some symptoms we see when a crash survivor has an eye injury include:

  • Blurred and double vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Difficulty seeing at night or in dim conditions
  • Loss of peripheral vision
  • Blind spots


Treatment for vision loss depends on the specific injury and severity. Treatments include:

  • Prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct refractive errors
  • Vision therapy to address issues with eye muscle coordination
  • Surgical procedures to repair damage to the eyes, such as retinal detachment or cataracts
  • Low vision aids, such as magnifiers or adaptive devices, to enhance visual function
  • Rehabilitation programs to help individuals adjust to vision loss and regain independence

Long-Term Health Effects and Potential Complications

Some potential complications include:

  • Reduced mobility and independence due to limited vision
  • Increased risk of accidents and falls
  • Emotional and psychological impact, such as depression or anxiety
  • Challenges with daily activities, such as reading, driving, or recognizing faces
  • Increased reliance on assistive devices or accommodations

Hearing Loss

Did you know airbags explode loudly with gun powder? One car accident injury that often gets overlooked is hearing loss. In a traumatic car collision, the sudden impact can cause severe ear damage, leading to temporary or even permanent hearing loss. 


  • Ringing or buzzing in the ears (tinnitus)
  • Muffled or distorted hearing
  • Difficulty understanding conversations, especially in noisy environments
  • Sensitivity to loud noises, which often causes irritability
  • Dizziness or vertigo


Get a referral to an ear, nose, and throat doctor who may offer these treatments:

  • Medications to reduce inflammation and manage pain
  • Assistive listening devices such as hearing aids or implants
  • Speech therapy to improve communication skills
  • Counseling or support groups to cope with the emotional impact of hearing loss

Long-Term Health Effects and Potential Complications

Although hearing loss is often considered a standalone condition, it can have significant long-term effects on your overall well-being, such as:

  • Communication difficulties
  • A decrease in cognitive function, leading to memory problems and concentration difficulties
  • Increased risk of accidents due to impaired sound awareness (inability to hear approaching vehicles)
  • Depression and anxiety, resulting from social isolation and reduced quality of life

Burns and Scars

Sadly, car crashes do cause explosions from time to time. Victims may sustain burns and scars that have long-lasting physical, cosmetic, and emotional impacts. 


  • First-degree burns: These burns affect the outer layer of the skin and cause redness, pain, and swelling.
  • Second-degree burns: This type of burn damages the outer and underlying layers of the skin, causing blisters, severe pain, and sometimes scarring.
  • Third-degree burns: This is the most severe type of burn. Third-degree burns can destroy all layers of the skin and even affect muscles and bones. Symptoms may include white or blackened skin, charred appearance, and intense pain.


  • First-degree burns: These burns usually heal on their own within a few days. Applying cold compresses, taking pain relievers, and keeping the affected area clean and dry helps.
  • Second-degree burns: Depending on the severity, treatment may involve cleaning the wound, applying antibiotic ointment, and covering it with a sterile dressing. In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to remove damaged tissue and promote healing.
  • Third-degree burns: These burns require intensive treatment, such as hospitalization, surgery, and skin grafting to replace damaged skin with healthy tissue. Pain management, wound care, infection prevention, and rehabilitation are also crucial.

Long-Term Health Effects and Potential Complications

  • Scarring: Burns often cause permanent scars, physical disfigurement, and therefore affect a person’s self-esteem and quality of life. Plastic and reconstructive surgeries and topical treatments can help.
  • Infections: Burn wounds are very susceptible to bacterial infections, which can delay  healing and lead to complications. Prompt medical attention and appropriate wound care are key.
  • Psychological impact: The emotional and psychological trauma associated with being burned have a significant impact on a person’s mental well-being. Therapy and support groups can aid in coping with life after the burns.

Broken Bones, Dislocations, and Amputations

It seems the laundry list of injuries caused by car collisions is never-ending. Bones definitely get broken, but, on top of that, shoulders get dislocated and limbs get amputated as a result of car accidents.


  • Broken Bones: Car accidents may cause fractures. Broken bones cause pain, swelling, and mobility issues.
  • Dislocations: Dislocated joints also lead to severe pain, swelling, and limited mobility.
  • Amputations: In catastrophic accidents, body parts do get severed resulting in permanent loss of function, phantom pain, and significant emotional distress.


  • Broken Bones: Immobilization with a cast, splint, or brace, and in some cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the bone.
  • Dislocations: Treatment for dislocated joints involves painful manipulation to realign the joint and immobilization with a brace. In severe cases, surgery may be required.
  • Amputations: Amputations demand immediate medical attention to stop bleeding and clean the severed limb area. In some cases, rehabilitation and physical therapy is a lifelong process with or without a prosthetic.

Long-Term Health Effects and Potential Complications

  • Broken Bones: Sometimes bones heal up like nothing happened, but sometimes complications arise, including chronic pain, limited mobility, arthritis, and difficulty performing daily activities.
  • Dislocations: Repeated dislocations cause chronic instability in the affected joint, increasing the risk of future dislocations, and limiting function and mobility. It’s a vicious cycle that gets progressively worse.
  • Amputations: Besides the physical challenges of adjusting to life without a limb, amputees typically deal with some degree of depression, anxiety, and body image issues.

Dental Problems and Facial Injuries

Dental problems and facial injuries also occur due to smashing windshields, deploying airbags, roll-overs, and other auto collision damage. Losing your smile or having your face change is a difficult loss.


  • Severe toothache or tooth sensitivity
  • Broken or chipped teeth
  • Dislodged or knocked-out teeth
  • Jaw pain or difficulty opening and closing your mouth
  • Swelling or bruising around the mouth or face
  • Bleeding or lacerations on the lips, gums, or tongue
  • Difficulty speaking or eating


Common treatments for these injuries include:

  • Dental fillings or crowns to repair cracked or broken teeth
  • Root canals
  • Dental implants or bridges to replace missing teeth
  • Braces to correct misalignments
  • Oral surgery to repair fractures or dislocated jaws
  • Stitches

Long-Term Health Effects and Potential Complications

Some of the complications as a result of facial and dental injuries include:

  • Chronic pain in the jaw or face
  • Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders
  • Difficulties chewing, speaking, or swallowing
  • Facial asymmetry or changes in facial appearance
  • Emotional and psychological distress

Road Rash

Road rash is a type of skin abrasion that occurs when the skin scrapes against a pavement or gravel. It’s most common with motorcycle accidents but also occurs when people get ejected from their vehicles.


  • Redness and swelling around the affected area 
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Skin abrasions or scrapes
  • Bleeding or oozing of pus
  • Large, painful scabs


  • Cleaning the wound with mild soap and water
  • Antibiotic ointment to prevent infection
  • Sterile bandage or dressing
  • Over-the-counter pain medication
  • See your doctor if there are signs of infection

Long-Term Health Effects and Potential Complications

  • Scarring: Scarring is common with severe road rash. This can be a cosmetic as well as a functional concern. 
  • Infection: Road rash is prone to infection due to the large open wounds and how dirty sliding down the road is. Keep the wounds clean and monitor for any signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, or pus. 
  • Nerve damage: In severe cases of road rash, the underlying nerves can be damaged, leading to numbness or loss of sensation. 

How Long Do I Have to File a Lawsuit?

In Texas, the statute of limitations for car accident lawsuits is typically two years from the date of the accident. This means that if you fail to file a lawsuit within this timeframe, you may lose your right to seek compensation. There are exceptions to the two-year rule, depending on the circumstances of your case. For example, if the accident involved a government entity, stricter deadlines and notice requirements might apply. Waiting too long to pursue legal action can significantly impact your ability to recover damages. Don’t hesitate to reach out now to a Houston car accident lawyer and start the process.

Contact Our Houston Car Accident Lawyers Today

At Armstrong, Lee & Baker LLP, we are your advocates.

The relationship between our firm and clients represents a sacred trust. We never view our clients as a number or just another case.

Instead, we are always mindful that we represent individuals who have been wronged, injured, and lost loved ones.

Our legal team draws on a strong and diverse body of expertise and experience to provide our clients with the highest-caliber legal representation in all kinds of personal injury cases.

If you or someone you care about is injured, please do not hesitate to contact us for a case review.

Our consultations are always free, and we never charge a fee unless we obtain a settlement or judgment on your behalf. Call or email us today.

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Scott Armstrong

Scott Armstrong obtains remarkable results for his clients. He has successfully tried numerous cases to favorable verdicts and reached significant settlements on his client’s behalf. In the process, he has recovered millions for his clients.

Scott is known for his aggressive approach to every case. He has been recognized as a Rising Star by Super Lawyers, an accolade awarded to only 2.5% of attorneys under forty and practicing for less than ten years. Houstonia Magazine, H-Texas Magazine, and others have recognized Scott as a “top lawyer” in Houston.

Client Reviews

What our clients are saying about us

Deborah P.

star-img 4 months ago

Josh Lee was always upfront and honest with everything about my case. He listened to me and understood all the difficulty I had went through with the pain from my fall. Every step of the way I knew I could depend on Josh Lee and his staff to go the extra step to make sure I was taken care of and I am so thankful for that. Words and surveys can’t express my appreciation and respect I have for this team. If you are needing an attorney that listens to you and takes action in every way to make sure you are taken care of.

severe injuries demands serious results