Do you have a first-party claim or a third-party claim? This is a common question, so our lawyers wanted to provide information pertaining to the difference between third-party insurance claims and first-party insurance claims.

Your insurance policy contains a set of promises that your insurer makes to you about what it will pay for if a “covered” event happens. The insurance policy also contains a set of rules that you, the policyholder, must follow to receive payment from the insurer. This includes making timely payments of your premiums. An insurance policy is therefore a contract between you and your insurance company. Your insurance company will not pay for any event not covered in your policy (usually referred to as “exclusions”). Common exclusions include injuries resulting from intentional or reckless acts like street racing, or from extraordinary sources like nuclear radiation. Another exclusion that has become common in recent years is an injury that results while driving in a ride-sharing program like Uber or Lyft.

There are two types of insurance claims that an injured person may bring, depending on the factual situation.

What is a First-party Claim?

What is a first-party insurance claim? A first-party claim is an insurance claim filed with your own insurance company for damages covered by your own policy. For instance, if you damage the trunk of your car by backing into a pole, filing a claim with your own insurance company would be a first-party claim. After filing the first-party insurance claim, the insurance company looks at your policy to determine whether you carry the type of coverage needed for them to compensate you for the particular type of loss. In this example, the relevant policy would be collision coverage. If you have the coverage, the insurance company will reimburse you for the amount of money your trunk repairs cost, less your deductible.

Making a claim on your uninsured/underinsured motorist policy is a first-party claim, which you can read more about on our page: Four Benefits of Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Bodily Injury Insurance.

What is a Third-party Claim?

What is a third-party insurance claim? A third-party insurance claim is a claim filed with someone else’s insurance company. For example, if a drunk driver runs a red light and collides with your vehicle causing an auto accident, you would likely file a claim with the drunk driver’s insurance company. This would be a third-party claim. In this example, the other driver’s insurance company would be responsible for your damages because a drunk driver’s liability coverage covers injuries caused by his negligent driving.

Because there is no contract between you and the at-fault driver’s insurance company, there are several benefits of filing a third-party claim. You may make claims for damages that may not be covered under your own insurance policy, such as payment for medical expenses, pain and suffering, mental anguish, and lost wages.

The claims process can be complex and overwhelming. Regardless of whether you are dealing with a third-party or first-party claim, an experienced personal injury attorney can assist you with your claim. The attorneys at Armstrong Lee & Baker LLP are knowledgeable and experienced in the rules, procedures, and the law relating to first-party and third-party claims. Contact our Firm today for a free consultation regarding your claim or potential claim.

You may also find helpful information at the following links:

We can Help with Your First and Third-Party Claim Insurance

Contact the experienced insurance claims attorneys at Armstrong Lee and Baker Today. We can help with your first and third-party claim insurance. If you need help with your first-party insurance claim or your third-party insurance claim, our Houston insurance lawyers are here to help. Our car insurance lawyers have helped hundreds of victims and we have the experience and professionalism to help you. Contact Armstrong Lee & Baker LLP today for your free consultation. Our attorneys have the expertise, experience, and compassion to get you the compensation you deserve. Don’t wait, contact us today to schedule a time convenient to you to discuss your case.

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Scott Armstrong obtains remarkable results for his clients.  He has successfully tried numerous cases to favorable verdicts and reached significant settlements on his clients’ behalf.  In the process, he has recovered millions for his clients.